U.S. stocks rose on Wednesday as investors pored through a key policy decision from the Federal Reserve.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average increased 189.42 points, or 0.58 percent, to 33,015.37, marking the first time the 30-stock average has closed above the 33,000 threshold. The S and P 500 rose 11.41 points, or 0.29 percent, to 3,974.12, also a record close. The Nasdaq Composite Index was up 53.64 points, or 0.40 percent, to 13,525.20.
Six of the 11 primary S and P 500 sectors ended in green, with consumer discretionary up 1.41 percent, leading the gainers. Utilities slid 1.63 percent, the worst-performing group.
U.S.-listed Chinese companies traded mostly lower with six of the top 10 stocks by weight in the S and P U.S. Listed China 50 index ending the day on a downbeat note.
The U.S. Federal Reserve on Wednesday kept its benchmark interest rate unchanged at the record-low level of near zero, as inflation debate heats up, driven by COVID-19 vaccination progress and the latest relief package.
“Following a moderation in the pace of the recovery, indicators of economic activity and employment have turned up recently, although the sectors most adversely affected by the pandemic remain weak,” the Fed said in a statement after concluding its two-day policy meeting.
Noting that inflation continues to run below 2 percent, the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC), the Fed’s policy-making body, reaffirmed that it will aim to achieve inflation moderately above 2 percent for some time so that inflation averages 2 percent over time and longer-term inflation expectations remain well anchored at 2 percent.
Looking ahead, the median projection of unemployment rate by FOMC participants is 4.5 percent at the end of this year and moves down to pre-pandemic level of 3.5 percent by the end of 2023, according to the Fed’s latest economic projections also released on Wednesday.
“Fed policy is in wait-and-see-mode. The new economic forecast shows significant divergence in economic expectations, but the majority of participants see no rate hikes through 2023,” Chris Low, chief economist at FHN Financial, said in a note on Wednesday.
“Changes to growth, unemployment, and inflation forecasts suggest the Fed as a group expects inflation will run a little hot thanks to strong fiscal stimulus, but not enough to require a monetary policy response,” he added.
On Tuesday, Wall Street’s major gauges finished mixed with the Dow and the S and P 500 ending lower, while the Nasdaq eked out a modest gain.